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Surgical orthopedic treatment encompasses a wide array of procedures aimed at diagnosing, treating, and rehabilitating musculoskeletal conditions and injuries. Orthopedic surgery addresses issues related to bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, and muscles, with the goal of restoring function, relieving pain, and improving overall quality of life for patients.

The decision to pursue surgical intervention in orthopedics typically arises when non-surgical methods such as medication, physical therapy, and lifestyle modifications have proven insufficient in addressing the underlying problem. Some common reasons for orthopedic surgery include severe trauma from accidents, sports injuries, degenerative conditions like osteoarthritis, congenital abnormalities, and chronic conditions such as repetitive strain injuries.

Before surgery, patients undergo a comprehensive evaluation by an orthopedic surgeon, which may include imaging tests like X-rays, MRI scans, or CT scans to precisely diagnose the issue and plan the appropriate surgical approach. Once the need for surgery is confirmed and all pre-operative assessments are completed, the surgical team discusses the procedure, potential risks, and expected outcomes with the patient.

Joint Replacement Surgery
Arthroscopic Surgery
Fracture Repair
Spinal Surgery
Soft Tissue Repair
Bone Grafting and Reconstruction
Joint Preservation Surgery
  • Joint Replacement Surgery: This involves replacing damaged or diseased joint surfaces with artificial components made of metal, plastic, or ceramic. Common joint replacements include hip, knee, and shoulder replacements. These surgeries are typically recommended for severe arthritis, joint degeneration, or traumatic joint injury.
  • Arthroscopic Surgery: Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical technique that utilizes a small camera (arthroscope) and specialized instruments inserted through small incisions to diagnose and treat joint problems. Surgeons can repair torn ligaments (e.g., ACL reconstruction), remove damaged cartilage, or smooth bone surfaces in joints like the knee, shoulder, hip, and ankle.
  • Fracture Repair: Surgical fixation is often necessary for complex fractures to ensure proper alignment and stability during the healing process. Internal fixation techniques involve using metal plates, screws, rods, or nails to hold the fractured bones together. External fixation may be used for open fractures or when internal fixation is not feasible, employing pins, wires, or external frames to stabilize the fracture.
  • Spinal Surgery: Various spinal surgeries address conditions like herniated discs, spinal stenosis, degenerative disc disease, spinal deformities (e.g., scoliosis), and spinal fractures. Procedures range from decompression surgeries (e.g., laminectomy, discectomy) to fusion surgeries (e.g., spinal fusion) aimed at stabilizing the spine and relieving pressure on nerves.
  • Soft Tissue Repair: Surgical repair of damaged tendons, ligaments, and muscles is common for acute injuries (e.g., Achilles tendon rupture, rotator cuff tear) or chronic conditions like tendonitis. Surgeons may use techniques such as tendon reattachment, ligament reconstruction, or muscle repair to restore function and stability to the affected area.
  • Bone Grafting and Reconstruction: Bone grafting involves transplanting bone tissue to promote healing and restore bone integrity in cases of bone loss, non-union fractures, or congenital deformities. Surgeons may use autografts (bone from the patient’s own body), allografts (donor bone), or synthetic graft materials to fill in defects and stimulate bone regeneration.
  • Joint Preservation Surgery: These procedures aim to preserve the natural joint and delay the need for joint replacement. Osteotomy involves surgically realigning bones to redistribute weight and relieve pressure on damaged joint surfaces. Cartilage restoration techniques, such as microfracture or autologous chondrocyte implantation, are used to repair focal cartilage defects and prevent further degeneration.

Surgical orthopedic treatments are highly specialized procedures that require careful evaluation, planning, and postoperative rehabilitation to achieve optimal outcomes. Orthopedic surgeons collaborate with patients to determine the most appropriate surgical approach based on individual needs, goals, and the severity of the musculoskeletal condition.


Orthopedic surgeon deals with a wide range of medical conditions and injuries that affect the musculoskeletal system, which includes bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons, and nerves. These conditions can be congenital (present at birth) or acquired (developed later in life) and can affect people of all ages.

Search here for the specific conditions. It’s important to consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment if you suspect you have any orthopedic condition.

Musculoskeletal Disorder

Diverse conditions affecting bones, joints, muscles, and connective tissues

Accident & Trauma

Wide range of injuries, from minor fractures to life-threatening road traffic accidents.

Anomalies & Deformities

Wide range of conditions affecting a baby’s bones and muscles, tendons and ligaments that connect them.


This conditions refer to musculoskeletal disorders that arise as a result of work-related activities.

About Dr. Maulik Bhalodiya

A constantly improving orthopaedic surgeon with decent experience performing a wide variety of surgeries and well-versed in current research on a wide range of orthopaedic issues and operative strategies. Highly interested and enthusiastic about recent advancements in trauma, joint replacement, and joint preservation surgery. Dedicated to attending orthopaedic conferences to stay abreast of recent trends and advancements in the field of orthopaedics.

A methodical and compassionate individual committed to achieving healthy outcomes for all patients with sound diagnostic abilities and thriving to achieve an impeccable surgical record with optimal outcomes. Extremely fortunate to get trained, guided, inspired, and blessed by renowned orthopaedic surgeons throughout his journey as an orthopaedic surgeon. Aiming to be worthy of passing on the wisdom of seniors and colleagues to the next generation of orthopaedic surgeons for the betterment of the field of orthopaedics.

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